In 2017, hotels in the Middle East saw occupancy fall 1.1% to 65%, ADR drop 4.5% to $164.33 and RevPAR decline 5.6% to $106.89. Africa's hotel industry, meanwhile, posted a 5.6% occupancy gain to 58%, a 7.4% ADR increase to $104.15 and a 13.4% RevPAR increase to $60.43.
LONDON—Hotels in the Middle East reported negative 2017 performance results, while hotels in Africa posted growth across the three key performance metrics, according to data from STR.
U.S. dollar constant currency, 2017 vs. 2016
- Occupancy: -1.1% to 65.0%
- Average daily rate (ADR): -4.5% to US$164.33
- Revenue per available room (RevPAR): -5.6% to US$106.89
- Occupancy: +5.6% to 58.0%
- Average daily rate (ADR): +7.4% to US$104.15
- Revenue per available room (RevPAR): +13.4% to US$60.43
Local currency, 2017 vs. 2016
- Occupancy: +8.8% to 56.7%
- ADR: -4.7% to KWD62.17
- RevPAR: +3.7% to KWD35.23
Demand, up 12.0% in 2017, has continued to grow following the economic downturn caused by lower oil prices. However, room rates have now decreased for three consecutive years. December 2017 represented the first month with year-over-year ADR growth (+8.3%) in Kuwait since July 2016 and was just the fourth positive ADR month for the country since the beginning of 2015.
- Occupancy: -0.5% to 64.0%
- ADR: +3.9% to SAR1,219.07
- RevPAR: +3.3% to SAR780.21
According to STR analysts, the weakened South African rand has helped grow the market’s demand over the past two years. However, supply growth has offset the lift in demand, resulting in a slight dip in occupancy levels. Cape Town, specifically, has seen a surge as a tourism destination, with increased flight accessibility from several key source markets. Additionally, the recent expansion to the Cape Town International Convention Centre has helped bring further corporate demand into the market. Looking ahead, Cape Town’s increasing popularity, from both a tourism and corporate demand perspective, may put a damper on hotel business in Johannesburg and Sandton, with more tourists choosing Cape Town as a point of entry to the country over Johannesburg, and more conference and event planners choosing Cape Town’s enhanced convention center.
United Arab Emirates
- Occupancy: +0.5% to 75.1%
- ADR: -3.8% to AED599.58
- RevPAR: -3.3% to AED450.04
STR analysts note that supply growth continues to affect hotel performance in the country, especially with Dubai’s build-up to the 2020 World Expo and beyond. Not only will the amount of new hotel supply continue to influence Dubai’s ADR, the type of new hotel supply entering the market will create a shift in the pricing landscape, with more offerings in the Midscale segment. The market has been historically dominated by the upper-tier hotel classes. Additional offerings in the middle-pricing tiers, however, has helped the market’s demand continue to rise, as a wider price range has made Dubai more accessible at various travel budgets.
Dubai continues to add new tourism attractions to stimulate demand growth, helping the market drive hotel demand as inventory expands. Abu Dhabi is following a similar trend, but at a smaller scale due to a smaller market size. Along with hotel supply developments, the market is adding several new cultural attractions, including the Louvre Abu Dhabi, which opened in November 2017, and additional museums slated to open in the coming years. An expected increase in oil prices, combined with sustained growth in the non-oil sector, should drive economic expansion in Abu Dhabi in 2018, allowing the economy to rebound from relatively flat performance during the previous 12 months. That should be an encouraging signal that the hospitality industry will turn the corner.
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